Sun know-how

Protect, protect!

To protect you and your family

The sun is most dangerous in the middle of the day - find shade under umbrellas, trees, canopies or indoors.

  • Make sure you never burn. Sunburn can double your risk of skin cancer.
  • Always cover up using clothing with fabrics which offer a high degree of sun protection
  • Sunscreen is enough wear a T-shirt, wide brimmed hat, stay in the shade 11 - 3 and wraparound sunglasses.(eyes get sun damaged too)
  • Remember to take extra care with children
  • Young skin is delicate, keep babies in the shade.
  • Use factor 15+ UVB sunscreen
  • Apply generously 15-30 minutes before you go outside and reapply often, at least every 2 hours and when it is washed, rubbed or sweated off.
  • Remember to use a sunscreen with UVA and UVB protection. UVB is denoted by SPF (Sun Protection Factor) numbers 15, 30 etc. UVA is denoted by star rating
  • Report any mole changes or unusual skin growths promptly to your Doctor


  • Skin cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer in the UK
  • In 2008; 2067 people in the UK died from malignant melanoma.
  • Melanoma is the 3rd most common cancer among people aged 15 - 39, early detection is crucial for successful treatment.
  • The incidence of melanomas in the UK is rising, in the last 5 years by 24%.
  • UV radiation damages DNA which can lead to the development of skin cancer. A tan is not a sign of health - it is a reaction to DNA damage.
  • Most skin cancers are preventable - 80% of melanomas are caused by exposure to sunlight and artificial sources such as sun-beds and tanning lamps.
  • There is a higher risk of skin cancer for some people who -
  • Burn easily
  • Have fair skin and/or freckles
  • Have red or fair hair and/or pale eyes
  • Have had skin cancer before
  • Have a large number of moles (50+)
  • Have skin cancer in the family
  • Have had bad sunburn in the past
  • Babies and children

If any of the above apply to you take extra care to protect yourself from the sun.